Achieving Sustainable Reduction Of Risks Through Consolidation Of Multi-Hazards Architectural Drr Solutions And Physical Planning In Madagascar, Malawi And Mozambique. (Iom Funding)

  • The purpose of the project is to consolidate multi-hazard DRR Architectural and Urban Risk Reduction practices in Madagascar, Malawi and Mozambique for Communities and Cities to learn how to live with the hazards, in order to address the following problems:

 

-          Problem 1. Community Infrastructure remains highly vulnerable and emergency preparedness is uneven Communities and their assets (Schools, Housing, Basic Infrastructure) remain vulnerable to Cyclones, Floods, Droughts and potentially Earthquakes

 

Response to Problem 1: Technical Assistance will be provided to consolidate the know-how acquired in one decade of Architectural/Engineering DRR to Local Communities; implementing NGOs ; National institutions (i.e. Ministries of Public Works, Land, Housing and all those in charge of infrastructure as Education, to build and reconstruct better); the UN/OIs and Red Cross. In Mozambique TA should be continued to NGOs and UN, to MOPH (Public Works) and MINED (Education). In Madagascar, depending on the demand from NGOs and CPGU/BNGRC. In Malawi, DoDMA has requested TA, and large donors are interested in expanding the approach. In line with the lessons-learnt in DIPECHO III, laboratories/fields for experiences and training on DRR construction should be established in Mozambique and Madagascar to train Local Communities and Constructors, Disaster Management Technicians and Engineers; and students of Architecture and Engineering. This will serve to disseminate practices with a long-term impact on how to build more resistant infrastructures and plan safer settlements. This was requested by Local Authorities, Communities and Ministry in Madagascar and the Faculty of Architecture and Physical Planning of Mondlane University in Mozambique and the MOPH. It is in line with both National DRR/DRM strategies of the intervention countries and sectoral policies (Education, Infrastructure) and is key to replicate over the long-term the improved construction measures. This can be also done in cooperation with the DIMSUR, the Technical Centre funded by GFDRR and initiated by DIPECHO II, as a long-term strategy for DRR. TA will include the coordination of the Shelter Cluster (UN-Habitat Mozambique with Red Cross) and Camp Management in Malawi if relevant (UN-Habitat) to mainstream the practices of improved construction, adequate emergency shelter, and building back

 

-          Problem 2. A strategic approach is lacking to engage Institutions in adopting DRR policies for built environment

 

Response to Problem 2: On the one hand, existing norms and improved construction measures must be disseminated through on-the-job training of technicians, constructors and members of communities, for a durable and large impact. This must be done with both DRR/DRM platforms (INGC, BNGRC, DoDMA) and Sectors (Ministry of Public Works and Housing and Ministry of Education). This should consolidate the work done in Madagascar and Mozambique to assess and improve Building Codes, Building Urban Regulations and Norms as requested by the Ministry of Public Works and Housing in Mozambique and Malawi. On the other hand, where non-existing, National and Local Authorities must be supported to and approve DRR construction practices, to be introduced over the long-term in the Public and Private construction sector, i.e. National Policies. In particular, in Malawi the Minister of Land and Housing, in charge of Infrastructure, requested UNHabitat to assist in the assessment of School Safety, replicating the experience of UN-Habitat DIPECHO III and GFDRR in Mozambique. In Mozambique the work delivered by UN-Habitat and National Partners until now, will require fine-tuning. In fact, as proven through DIPECHO III and the DIMSUR (Technical Centre for Urban Resilience and Disaster Risk), Governments have been sensitized to the need to take into account local practices into policy action, but still need support to transform best-practices into policies.

 

-          Problem 3. Cities lack basic capacities for DRR/M, whereas risks are increasing

 

Response to Problem 3. Preparedness, prevention and response capacities of disaster-prone Cities must be enhanced through multisectorial activities (Governance, Physical Planning, Basic Services, Finance among others). All cities targeted should increase their awareness of risks related to spatial, physical, infrastructure issues and adopt vulnerability maps and plans. In selected cities (at least 2) a full-fledged action-plan for Urban Risk Reduction, including preparedness and contingency planning, should be developed. This must be achieved through on-the-job trainings using the methodology developed in DIPECHO III and the new Tool being prepared by UN-Habitat. City-to-city trainings and exchange should be also promoted, for Cities with more experience to share practices with the others. Importantly, trainings should also target 1) National Disaster Management Institutes, 2) National Ministries, 3) technical and humanitarian partners on how to act in Urban Settings for Preventing, Preparing and Responding to Natural Disasters as, often, there is limited understanding of the role and functioning of the Municipality or Town Administration. DoDMA has requested the support of UN-Habitat to fill this gap, and so has CPGU and BNGRC in Madagascar. In Mozambique, UN-Habitat will continue supporting the MOPH, MICOA and MINED to include DRR into urban settings, along with the Municipalities

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Country:
Mozambique
Region: Africa
Donors: European Union, International Organization for Migration
Theme: Urban development and management, Disaster prevention and preparedness
Project Timeline
End Date: 23rd January 2021
Start Date: 15th August 2014
Budget Utilisation
Budget: $5,296,663
Expenditure: $1,988,886
Outputs / Results

Increase the capacity of communities to access suitable shelter solutions by supporting the distribution of 500 shelter toolkit (approximately 1500 families) specifically through vernacular shelter improvement construction trainings targeting the most vulnerable communities living in dense resettlement areas in Zambézia province

Increase the knowledge and capacities of SDPIs on suitable spatial planning by the elaboration of “Planos de Cadastro” for the new resettlement neighbourhoods.